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Balance Issues? You May Want to Visit an ENT
From simple turns to other more serious discomforts such as nausea, vomiting or headaches, balance disorders can be very disabling and make standing up and frankly, plenty of other activities, seem impossible. The causes are multiple, but in 70% of the cases, the origin is found in the vestibular system, the balancing “organ” located in the inner ear. If you are experiencing vertigo problems, it is best to see an ear nose throat doctor.
Causes of vertigo
The inner ears help to maintain a person’s ability to stand. The vestibular (or labyrinthine) part of the inner ear is composed of three semi-circular channels, situated on three special planes: horizontal plane, posterior plane, and vertical plane. These contain a liquid containing microscopic crystals, composed of calcium carbonates.
The crystals inform the brain about various head and body movements. It analyzes all information containing mobility that is transmitted by sensors and reacts when a person changes their posture to maintain his or her balance. The main receptor systems that each ear nose throat doctor will look for are problems with vision, proprioception (cutaneous and deep receptors) and, above all, the vestibular system, otherwise called the inner ear.
Consulting an ENT is essential
When a person goes to an ent doctor complaining of dizziness, the first thing the specialist will do is carry out a complete review of the patient: both vestibular and auditory, but also neurological. It takes at least one hour to establish a correct diagnosis. The ENT begins by asking the patient to explain each circumstance that causes their disorders to manifest themselves.
Their duration and frequency, and the symptoms that may be associated with it, such as tinnitus, nausea, or loss (or loss) of the hearing of an ear, are valuable information to help determine a diagnosis. The ear doctor then performs certain specific movements: asking the patient to stand with their feet together, walking with their eyes closed, etc. The doctor will then examine the patient’s ears, of course, and their eyes.
The following examinations take place in the dark: using infrared glasses and software that analyzes the reactions of the eye, the specialist studies nystagmus, a movement of involuntary and jerky oscillation of the eyeball, present in 85% of cases. This is because the eyes can compensate for failures concerning the ear. Doctors will also look for possible lesions in the facial or ophthalmic nerve, as well. To learn more, contact a local ENT today.
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