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One of the most treated issues in oral and facial surgery concerns wisdom teeth. Of course, there are times when the oral surgeon may decide that a patient can keep their wisdom teeth because they pose no threat. However, people must keep in mind that these cases are few and far between.
If a person’s teeth are positioned in a favorable position or extraction is not needed, routine follow-ups by the dentist or surgeon will be required. The latter will perform a periodic clinical and radiological examination and may suggest extraction if a pathology develops. When indicated, an early extraction of these teeth will prevent the occurrence of various complications.
In addition, preventive extraction can be done at a stage where the roots are not completely formed, thus, reducing the difficulty and risks associated with surgery. Healing from this type of oral maxillofacial surgery is generally shorter and comfortable in younger patients.
Wisdom teeth may be asymptomatic but the most common symptoms are as follows:
Red or swollen and painful gums
An unpleasant taste in the mouth with bad breath
Painful adjacent tooth or teeth
If one or more of these symptoms is observed, it is important to visit a dentist or surgeon so they can diagnose the cause and establish an appropriate treatment plan (usually involves an extraction). These oral and maxillofacial surgeons know how to treat each case according to the problem and the patient.
Be proactive or wait for symptoms to occur?
No one should wait for pain to occur. Certain teeth are perfectly asymptomatic and are nevertheless responsible for frequent complications. Here are some issues that could arise from waiting too long:
Cavities: Partially enclosed wisdom teeth have a higher risk of tooth decay than other teeth. They are more difficult to clean because food and bacteria can get trapped between the gum and the partially erupted tooth.
Damage to neighboring teeth: If a wisdom tooth rests against a neighboring molar, it can damage it by promoting tooth decay or even causing root resorption.
Cysts: Wisdom teeth develop from a sac inside the bone of the jaw. This bag can progress and form cysts that could potentially damage neighboring structures (bone, neighboring teeth, gums). More rarely, a benign tumor can develop.
Gum disease: The struggle in cleaning a semi-inclusive wisdom tooth increases the chances of developing inflammation surrounding the tooth (pericoronitis).
For more information concerning oral and maxillofacial surgery, contact your local dentist today.
This project was last updated 12 days ago