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Digital Social Innovation at the core of European Research and Innovation
8th June 2017
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By Marleen Stikker, President and Co-Founder of Waag Society.
It is hard to participate in classical European Commission (EC) Research programs for civil society organisations, social enterprises, co-operations, communities and creative SMEs. And it is even harder to find EU support for proposals addressing topics like open technology, citizen science or social innovation because these challenge the current stakeholders and the current economic model underlying national and European innovation policies.
Last week I visited Kurt Vandenberghe, Secretary General for the Research and Innovation department of the European Commission, to discuss the systemic change needed at the core level of EC funding for Research and Innovation (R&!) We discussed the scale and success of the DSI movement, presented the report What Next for digital social innovation and discussed opportunities and challenges to get civic society more involved in European R&I.
One of the few programs which is open to digital social innovation is CAPSSI (an abbreviation of ‘Collective Awareness Platforms for Sustainability and Social Innovation’), which sits under DG Connect. CAPSSI has enabled many relevant and bottom-up innovations like D-CENT, the Smart Citizen Kit, and Making Sense. The DECODE Project that just started with the mission to give people online ownership of their personal data is also empowered by this CAPSSI program. The program got great reviews and is seen as a new citizen-centred approach for EC research activities. It came as a big surprise to learn that the program will disappear in 2018-2020, and this mobilized many people from the community to protest and look into ways to influence the EC’s research agenda.
Nadia El-Imam, Founding Director at Edgeryders, started a petition and sent an open letter to the Commissioner for the Digital Single Market, Mr. Andrus Ansip, and Director General, DG Connect, Mr. Roberto Viola, arguing that these new collaborations are “at a historical junction where the EU is perceived as distant and bureaucratic, DG Connect opened up to new voices, and brought fresh points of views into the European ICT research community.” She points to the findings of Proceedings National Academy of Science that “groups of diverse problem solvers can outperform groups of high-ability problem solvers”.
In response to this open letter, Mr. Andrus Ansip writes that he sees the value of interdisciplinary research in the field of Next Generation Internet and has included that in the call. Besides that, he would like to see this approach more broadly applicable and especially valuable for research and innovation beyond ICT, e.g. societal challenges, and the health and energy domain.
The social innovation approach is not limited to the ICT domain. It concerns all societal challenges and the intersection of social and technological innovation. DSI4EU was an EU-supported project researching DSI in Europe and the barriers to growth and scale. On the online DSI4EU platform at digitalsocial.eu, initiatives from all over Europe can showcase their projects, meet collaborators and find potential funding. The DSI4EU platform currently hosts almost 2,000 organisations and over 1,000 projects, encompassing the enormous diversity and field of activity.
The final report, led by Nesta, includes recommendations that are also not limited to the ICT domain. They are generic for the whole of the H2020 program and create a great opportunity to include the DSI approach into other parts of the European Commission’s agenda.
The recommendations are:
It is clear the DSI movement in Europe is a firm believer in the innovation potential of civil society and SMEs. The DSI Manifesto seconds the recommendations from the DSI report. But how can we influence policymaking within the European Commission? What are the next steps now we have a clear understanding of mission and goals?
Waag Society addressed these issues by bringing together policy makers in a workshop. This policy workshop was followed by an event aimed at the political level: together with MEP Marietje Schaake a workshop was organised in the European Parliament to garner political support. When discussing the strategic approach Marietje Schaake suggested to use the developed level of support to gain access to the most senior level of EC policy officials.
On Monday 29th May we followed up to this advice and met with Mr Vandenberghe to discuss the systemic change needed at the core level of EC funding for Research and Innovation. In the meeting we explained the DSI movement and discussed the lobby to maintain DSI. For many reasons, Mr Vandenberghe was hugely interesting to talk to and discuss with the future of European research programs. It is important to note the department of Research and Innovation is looking into new ways of steering their research agenda. Here they have the notable mission of including more lociety stakeholders into their research. They are highly interested to learn from the CAPSSI and DSI approach. In other words: how to get civil society in the driver’s seat towards a new research agenda?
Potential steps towards a society driven European research agenda are:
Our conclusion from this meeting is that the lobby for DSI needs to be intensified and structured. There are many opportunities to influence the post H2020 research landscape, but it is a process which needs a lot of engagement of active members of the DSI community. That is a serious threat, since DSI actors rarely have the financial power to pay lobbyists in Brussels. This efforts needs coordination, smart collaboration and a strong commitment of some of the larger players in the field. Finally, as well as playing a role in Brussels, we need to influence processes at the national level.